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If renewable energy is used, the gas has a zero-carbon footprint, and is known as green hydrogen. These cookies are used to gather information about your use of the Site to improve your access to the site and increase its usability. CH4 + ½O2 → CO + 2H2 (+ heat). The electrolyser consists of a DC source and two noble-metal-coated electrodes, which are separated by an electrolyte (figure y). The electrolyte or ionic conductor can be a liquid, for example conductive caustic potash solution (potassium hydroxide, KOH) for alkaline electrolysis. An electric current splits water into its constituent parts. CO2, for use in various applications such as synthetic liquid fuels. Electrolysis of water is the decomposition of water into oxygen and hydrogen gas due to the passage of an electric current. Recombination of Hydrogen and Oxygen at this stage is avoided by means of the highly efficient and patented IMET® ion-exchange membrane. Steam reforming is. A membrane prevents the product gases H2 and O2 from mixing but allows the passage of OH – ions. Hydrogen Europe is an umbrella association representing the European Industry, Research, and National and Regional Associations in the Hydrogen and Fuel Cell sector. Thanks to decades of research and development in both technologies, Hydrogenics has the unique capability to offer PEM and Alkaline systems and to select the most appropriate one based on the cost, capacity and use of it. Steam reforming can also be used to produce hydrogen from other fuels, such as ethanol, propane, or even gasoline. In Practice: An electric current splits water into its constituent parts. By using this site, you accept cookies. By continuing your visit to this site, you accept the use of cookies to offer services and offers tailored to your interests (, The Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU), Electrolysis and high temperature Electrolysis, Energy Innovation pillar: Energy to hydrogen, Energy Innovation pillar: Fuel cells to energy. Cookies are important to the proper functioning of this site. Depending on the method used, the efficiency of water electrolyser is currently in the region of 60 to 80 % (based on the calorific value). Powered by The Influence Agency. The latter group most notably includes solid oxide electrolysis (SOE), but this is still at an advanced R&D stage and products are not yet commercially available. This awesome service brings full interest information for your purpose, Contact our Drupal gurus via our support channel. Steam methane reforming (SMR) for biogas  The charge carriers move in the electrolyte towards the anode. In an alkaline electrolyser the cathode (negative pole) loses electrons to the aqueous solution. Steam reforming: Pure water vapour is used as the oxidant. As already described above, currently, most of the hydrogen produced today, is being produced through the CO2 intensive process called Steam Methane Reforming. The role of bipolar plate is to transport water to the plates, transport product gases away from the cell, conduct electricity, and circulate a coolant fluid to cool down the process. By the nature of the chemical reaction, chlorine, caustic soda and hydrogen are always manufactured in a fixed ratio: 1.1 ton of caustic and 0.03 ton of hydrogen per ton of chlorine. We are turning water electrolysis into a universal and affordable product. Practically, this fact means that in order to produce hydrogen, it needs to be extracted from its compound. Hydrogen is like electricity in the sense that its use does not generate any emission. CO + H2O → CO2 + H2 (+ small amount of heat). Electrolysers consist of individual cells and central system units (balance of plant). For example, though the cost of wind power has continued to drop, the inherent variability of wind is an impediment to the effective use of wind power. In Practice: Producing chlorine and caustic soda comes down to passing an electric current through brine (a solution of salt – sodium chloride – in water). The water is dissociated, leading to the formation of hydrogen (H2) and hydroxide ions (OH – The latter group most notably includes solid oxide electrolysis (SOE), but this is still at an advanced R&D stage and products are not yet commer­cially available.

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